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White Sonoran


Triticum aesitivum. A soft, white winter wheat.  Adapted to the Southwestern United States for more than 300 years.  Also called Kno Wheat, Trigo Flor, Flor de America, Trigo Mota, Sonora Blanca and Olas Pilcan.



Maybe the oldest wheat used in Americas.  Used by Norman Borlaug in breeding his Nobel winning varieties.  First brought to Arizona and the Southwest by Spanish missionaries in 1691, the “soft” grains are rounded and pale reddish in color. They make a stretchy dough that was instrumental in the development of the flour tortilla. White Sonora was the main variety available in the west, including California, up to the Civil War. This variety has recently been the object of a commercial resurgence in the Southwest, and is another type that is well tolerated by most people who suffer from celiac disease or wheat allergies. Drought tolerant, disease resistant, and highly adaptable.

Additional information

Weight N/A

5 gram sample


Native Seeds/SEARCH, Triticum aestivum , Sonora, Mexico, Spring (Winter), Ron Wong via Bill; LA from NS/S; Benjamin (2016); Sara Wentzell Fisher (Albuquerque, 2016)


First brought to the Sonoran Desert by Padre Lorenzo de Cardenas sometime after 1640 and first brought to Mission San Cayetano del Tumacácori, Arizona by Father Kino, a Spanish missionary in 1691.  Probably brought to Spain from the fertile cresent by the Moors.