It usually yields somewhat less than Turkey and its milling and bread-making value is also slightly less than that of Turkey. This variety proved best adapted in Wyoming and CO, where it has been distributed in a small way. Also known under the names “Russian” and “Early Russian.” This is a spring growth-habit wheat with hard grain, red kernel color and white chaff (glumes). It exhibited straw strength during the Kusa Seed organization’s grow-outs with average plant height of 44” to a maximum of 65”. It was exposed in the field in Ojai, California, to multiple nights of 16° F. at 30 days of age, with no harm to the seedlings. It arrived in the United States from the Volga River district of Russia. Thousands of acres of the grain were grown in western North Dakota around the last turn-of-the-century (1900). Its kernels are said to be larger and softer than Red Fife.